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FINANCIAL DICTIONARY & GLOSSARY: FR -
floating or clean floating exchange rate - one that is
determined entirely by supply and demand.
free market - one in which prices rise and fall according to supply and demand, with no governmental intervention.
free trade - situation where there are no restrictions (tariffs, quotas, etc.) on imports and exports of goods.
freeze - a fixing of prices, wages, rents, etc. at current levels.
frictional unemployment - temporary unemployment that arises when people voluntarily leave a job to look for another one.
friendly takeover - a takeover which is not contested by a company's board of directors.
FT Index - or the Financial Times Ordinary Share Index, is based on 30 leading industrial and commercial shares.
FT-SE 100 Share Index - see Footsie.
full costing or absorption costing - the allocation of all fixed and variable costs relating to production in the calculation of the price of goods or services.
full employment - the situation in which everyone looking for work is able to find it.
full-disclosure principle - requires that financial reporting should include all significant information.
fund - to provide money for a specific purpose; an amount of money saved for a specific purpose.
funds - see working capital.
funds flow statement or source and application of funds - a statement of changes in financial position detailing the causes of flows of resources into and out of a company.
futures contract - an arrangement to buy or sell a commodity or currency or financial instrument at an agreed price at a future date.
futures market - a market in which futures contracts for certain commodities are agreed.
galloping inflation - inflation in two or three digits (e.g. 30, 60 or 100%).
GATT - General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, designed to reduce protectionism and increase international trade, succeeded in 1994 by the World Trade Organization.
gearing or leverage or proprietary ratio - the ratio between a company's share capital and its debt (bonds, debentures, bank loans).
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FINANCIAL DICTIONARY & GLOSSARY
a-ac, ac-am, am-as, as-ba, ba-be, be-br, br-cap, cap-cas, ce-col, col-com, com-cor, cor-cu, cu-deb, deb-dem, dep-dis, dis-du, du-em, em-ex, fa-fi, fi-fr, fr-ge, ge-gr, ha-im, im-ine, inf-int, int-inv, inv-la, la-li, li-lo, lo-mar, mar-mark, mat-mo, mo-na, na-od, of-ou, ov-pa, pa-po, po-pri, pri-pro, pro-qu, qu-red, red-res, res-sa, sa-sh, sh-sta, sta-sto, str-ta, ta-tr, tr-un, un-va, va-we, we-zz
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