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FINANCIAL DICTIONARY & GLOSSARY: GE
equilibrium - a hypothetical state of balance in all the markets
which make up an economy (supply and demand of goods, labor, capital,
gilts or gilt-edged stock - long-term bonds issued by the British government
Glass-Steagall Act - in the US (like "Article 65" in Japan) enforced a strict separation between commercial banks and investment banks or stockbroking firms
GNP (gross national product) - the money value of all the final goods and services produced in a country in a year, plus income from foreign investments (which is excluded in GDP or gross domestic product).
GNP gap - the difference between real and potential GNP, if the economy is working at less than full employment (or the "natural rate of employment").
Going-concern assomption - see continuity principle.
going rate pricing - following the lead of competitors and setting the same price as them.
golden handcuffs - large payments (e.g. in the form of a low interest loan) made to important employees to prevent them leaving the company.
golden handshake - large sum of money paid as compensation to someone who is obliged to leave a job or retire early.
golden parachute - an agreement to pay a large sum of money to senior employees if they lose their jobs, for example after a takeover.
gold standard or gold convertibility - a system whereby a currency could be exchanged for a fixed amount of gold (until the 1970s).
goods on hand - sec merchandise inventory.
goodwill - the value to an established firm of its loyal customers, skilled staff and management; the value of a firm above its net asset value.
greenmail - blackmail by way of dollars ( "greenbacks"); buying a stake in a company, threatening to take it over, and then offering to sell the shares back at a profit.
gross profit - net profit before depreciation and interest are deducted.
gross yield of an investment - the percentage return before income tax is paid.
growth - getting bigger, by increasing sales or markets, or acquiring other companies, etc.
growth share or stock - one that is expected to appreciate in capital value.
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FINANCIAL DICTIONARY & GLOSSARY
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