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FINANCIAL DICTIONARY & GLOSSARY: MAR
propensity to consume - the proportion of additional disposable
income that is spent on additional consumption.
marginal propensity to save - the proportion of additional disposable income that people choose to save.
marginal revenue - the change in total revenue resulting from increasing sales by one unit.
marginal utility - the additional satisfaction derived from consuming a further unit of a commodity.
marine insurance - protects ships and their cargoes against loss or damage.
market - the total demand for a good; the set of all actual and potential buyers of a good or service; the place where people buy and sell; the process by which buyers and sellers of goods, services and factors of production interact to determine prices and quantifies.
market/book ratio - a company's stock market value relative to the amount invested by shareholders.
market challenger - the company with the second-largest market share.
market economy - one in which prices and quantifies are determined by supply and demand.
market failures - situations in which free competition and the effects of supply and demand do not operate (e.g. monopolies and oligopolies, and externalities).
market follower - a small company in a market, which presents no threat to the market leader.
market leader - the company with the largest market share.
market-makers - wholesalers in stocks and shares who make a market (obliged to deal in all circumstances with brokers).
market price - the price of a share quoted at any given time on the stock exchange; the current price of a commodity, product, service, etc. in a competitive market.
market price equilibrium - the price at which the amount that buyers wish to buy equals the amount that sellers wish to sell.
market standing - a company's position in a market - whether it is the leader, a close challenger, or one of many market followers.
market value - how much an asset would be worth if sold today.
mark-up pricing - see cost-plus pricing.
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FINANCIAL DICTIONARY & GLOSSARY
a-ac, ac-am, am-as, as-ba, ba-be, be-br, br-cap, cap-cas, ce-col, col-com, com-cor, cor-cu, cu-deb, deb-dem, dep-dis, dis-du, du-em, em-ex, fa-fi, fi-fr, fr-ge, ge-gr, ha-im, im-ine, inf-int, int-inv, inv-la, la-li, li-lo, lo-mar, mar-mark, mat-mo, mo-na, na-od, of-ou, ov-pa, pa-po, po-pri, pri-pro, pro-qu, qu-red, red-res, res-sa, sa-sh, sh-sta, sta-sto, str-ta, ta-tr, tr-un, un-va, va-we, we-zz
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