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FINANCIAL DICTIONARY & GLOSSARY: SH -
equity or stockholders' equity the money subscribed to buy
shares plus a company's retained profits.
share premium (GB) or paid-in surplus (US) money realized by selling shares at above their par or nominal value.
shock - an unexpected event that has economic consequences.
short position - selling options or other financial instruments, including those one does not actually possess, expecting to buy them later at a lower price to cover the sale.
short run - the short period during which supply and demand are relatively fixed.
short-term financing - involves debts which mature within a year.
sleeping partner - one who invests money in a partnership but who takes no part in managing it.
slowdown - another word for the beginning of a recession, a downswing of the business cycle, a contraction of the economy.
slump - another word for a recession, a decrease in demand, output, etc.
socialism - economic theory or system in which production should be for the public good rather than private profit.
sole trader - an individual proprietor, the simplest form of business, e.g. a shop or store owned and run by a single person.
solvency - having sufficient cash when liabilities become due.
source and application of funds - see funds flow statement.
special drawing rights (SDRS) - interest-paying loans from the IMF, made up of a "basket of currencies".
speculation - dealing in a commodity or financial asset in the hope of making a profit on changes in market values.
spillovers - externalities, especially those resulting from public expenditure.
spot markets - places where commodities, currencies and financial instruments are traded for immediate delivery.
spread or margin - the interest rate differential between deposits and loans.
squeeze - an attempt to limit (but not totally freeze) increases in pay, profits, credit, etc.
stabilize - to attempt to keep something at the same level, to avoid fluctuations.
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FINANCIAL DICTIONARY & GLOSSARY
a-ac, ac-am, am-as, as-ba, ba-be, be-br, br-cap, cap-cas, ce-col, col-com, com-cor, cor-cu, cu-deb, deb-dem, dep-dis, dis-du, du-em, em-ex, fa-fi, fi-fr, fr-ge, ge-gr, ha-im, im-ine, inf-int, int-inv, inv-la, la-li, li-lo, lo-mar, mar-mark, mat-mo, mo-na, na-od, of-ou, ov-pa, pa-po, po-pri, pri-pro, pro-qu, qu-red, red-res, res-sa, sa-sh, sh-sta, sta-sto, str-ta, ta-tr, tr-un, un-va, va-we, we-zz
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